The number of patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer has increased dramatically in the past few decades, especially in women. Thyroid cancer is now the fifth most common cancer among women. In addition, some experiments done in laboratories have shown that estrogen might stimulate growth of non-cancerous and cancerous thyroid cells. Based on these observations, some questioned the possibility of a connection between estrogen and thyroid cancer. To answer this question, clinical and population studies have been conducted to investigate the rate of thyroid cancer in women who had hysterectomy, oophorectomy or received treatment with estrogen. However, the results of these studies were mixed in regards to the effect of estrogen on thyroid cancer. In this current study the relationship between thyroid cancer and estrogen has been addressed again.
THE FULL ARTICLE TITLE:
Luo J et al. Hysterectomy, oophorectomy, and risk of thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2016;101:3812- 9. Epub July 26, 2016.
SUMMARY OF THE STUDY
The data presented in this study was obtained from Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) study; a large population study of women of 50 to 79 years of age conducted in 40 U.S. clinical centers. Subjects in the current study were among participants of WHI who were enrolled during 1993 to 1998. The data from women who had cancer (except for non-melanoma skin cancer) at the time of enrollment in WHI and women who had only oophorectomy (without hysterectomy) was excluded.